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Source Analysis: John Graunt, Natural and Political observations

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Hi! I have been given an assignment in history that I can not complete because of my dissertation

that I am writing. Please read the information about the assignment that was given by the tutor:
Write a source analysis on the following source:
John Graunt, Natural and Political Observations…Made Upon the Bills of Mortality 1st edition,

Your answer must contextualise this document, making sure you address the following points: What

does this source tells us about Graunt, his contemporaries and the experience of high mortality

rates in seventeenth-century England?

Your source analysis must be written with reference to Graunt’s work, to other related primary

sources, and to the secondary literature on the topic.
Read all of Graunt’s text very carefully: make sure you understand what it is discussing and why.

Make sure you compare it to one of the London Bills of Mortality. Others are available via the

database Eighteenth Century Collections Online ECCO).
Research fully both the author and his context.
Do not simply describe the contents of the source without any analysis or discussion of its

historic significance or relevance.
It is very important that you use the first edition of his work.
I am able to provide password for the library account if needed! Please let me know if needed.

Thank you!
These are the Refrences to use for this assingment given by tutor:
Specifically on John Graunt.

D. V. Glass, ‘John Graunt and his Natural and Political Observations’, Notes & Records of the Royal

Society of London 19:1 (1964), 63-100

R. H. Kargon, ‘John Graunt, Francis Bacon and the Royal Society: The Reception of Statistics’,

Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 18:4 (1963), 337-48.

P. Kreager, ‘New Light on Graunt’, Population Studies 42:1 (1988), 129-40

Margaret Pelling, ‘ John Graunt, the Hartlib circle and child mortality in mid-seventeenth-century

Londo’, Continuity and Change 31 (2016), 335-35.

Anon.,’John Graunt on Causes of Death in the City of London’, Population and Development Review 35

(2009), 417-422.

John Landers, ‘Age Patterns of Mortality in London during the Long Eighteenth Century: A Test of

the High Potential Model of Metropolitan Mortality’ Social History of Medicine 3:1 (1990), 27-90.

J. Robertson, ‘reckoning with London: Interpreting the Bills of Mortality Before John Graunt’ Urban

History 23 (1996), 325-50.

K. Rothman, ‘Lessons from John Graunt’, The Lancet 347 (1996), 37-9.

Peter Briggs, ‘John Graunt, Sir William Petty, and Swift’s Modest Proposal’ Eighteenth-Century Life

29 (2005) 3-24

Margaret Pelling, ‘Far too many women? John Graunt, the sex ratio, and the cultural determination

of number in seventeenth-century England’, The Historical Journal 59 (2016), 695

Dennis Mazur, ‘Analyzing and Interpreting ‘Imperfect’ Big Data in the 1600s’, Big Data and Society

3 (2016).

Gregory Stephan, ‘The Tabulation of England: How the Social World Was Brought in Rows and Columns’,

Distinktion: Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory (2013), 1-21.
Refrences on the topic
Graham Mooney, ‘Historical Demography and Epidemiology: The Meta-Narrative Challenge’ in The Oxford

Handbook of the History of Medicine ed. Mark Jackson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013), pp.

T. Forbes, ‘By What Disease or Casualty: The Changing Face of Death in London’ in Health, Medicine

and Mortality in the Sixteenth Century ed. C. Webster (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,

1979), 117-40.

Paul Slack, The Impact of Plague in Tudor and Stuart England (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul,


A. Dyer, ‘The English Sweating Sickness of 1551: An Epidemic Anatomized’, Medical History 41:3

(1997), 362-84.

Galley, ‘A Never-Ending Succession of Epidemics: Mortality in Early Modern York’, Social History of

Medicine 7:1 (1994), 29-57.

M Zell, ‘Fisher’s Flu and Moore’s Probates: Quantifying the Mortality Crises of 1556-60’, Economic

History Review 47 (1994), 354-58.

S. R. Johansson, ‘Welfare, Mortality and Gender: Explanation for Male/Female Mortality Differences

over three Centuries’, Continuity and Change 6:2 (1991), 135-178.

Mary Dobson, Contours of Death and Disease in Early Modern England (Cambridge: Cambridge University

Press, 1997).

Mary Dobson, ‘Mortality, Gradients and Disease Exchanges: Comparisons from Old England and Colonial

America’, Social History of Medicine i2:3 (1989), 259-97.

E. A. Wrigley and R. S. Schofield, ‘English Population History from Family Reconstitution: Summary

Results 1600-1799’, Population Studies 37 (1983), 157-84.

Steve King, ‘Dying with Style: Infant Death and its Context in a Rural Industrial Township, 1650-

1830’, Social History 10:1 (1997), 3-24.

John Landers, Death and the Metropolis: Studes in the Demographic History of London 1670-1830

(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).

Peter Laslett, Family Life and Illicit Love in Earlier Generations: Essays in Historical Sociology

(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977).

Andrew Appleby, J. Walter and R. Schofield, Famine, Disease and the Social Order in Early Modern

England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989)

Andrew Wear, ‘Making Sense of Health and the Environment in Early Modern England’ in Medicine in

Society eds Andrew Wear (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991), 119-147.

Webster, Health, Medicine and Mortality in the Sixteenth Century (Cambridge: Cambridge University

Press, 1979).

E. Wrigley & R Schofield, The Population History of England 1541-1871: A Reconstruction (Cambridge:

Cambridge University Press, 1989).

Margaret Pelling, ‘Illness Amongst the Poor in an Early Modern English Town: The Norwich Census’,

Continuity and Change 3:2 (1988).

R. Schofield, ‘Did the Mothers Really Die? Three Centuries of Maternal Mortality in the World We

Have Lost’ in The World We Have Gained: Histories of Population and Social Structure eds L.

Bonfield & Keith Wrightson (New York: Blackwell, 1986), 231-60.

Paul Weindling, ‘From Infectious to Chronic Diseases: Changing Patterns of Sickness in the

Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries’, in Medicine in Society: Historical Essays (Cambridge:

Cambridge University Press, 1992), 303-316.

P. Razzell & C. Spence, ‘The Hazards of Wealth: Adult Mortality in Pre-Twentieth Century England’,

Social History of Medicine 19 (2006), 381-405.